Here’s what you need to know to start your day:
• President Trump lashed out at a federal appeals panel that appeared skeptical of his order banning travel from seven predominantly Muslim countries, claiming that its judges were politically motivated.
Mr. Trump’s nominee for the Supreme Court, Neil M. Gorsuch, above, said the president’s attacks on the judiciary were “demoralizing.”
Senator Jeff Sessions was confirmed as attorney general, capping a racially charged nomination battle.
• The White House is finishing an executive order that would direct the Pentagon to bring future Islamic State detainees to the Guantánamo Bay prison, according to administration officials and a draft order obtained by The Times.
Legal scholars warned that doing so risks undermining the effort to combat the group.
• Ukrainian separatists blamed the government in Kiev for the latest assassination of one of their commanders.
Mikhail Tolstykh, above right, died when a rocket was fired from a portable launcher into the window of his office. Kiev suggested the recent deaths pointed to infighting or efforts by Russia to consolidate control.
• In France, protests widened over accusations that police officers had beaten and raped a young black man in a suburb of Paris last week. While demonstrations were largely peaceful, some youths set cars ablaze and vandalized buildings.
Five people were convicted yesterday evening of “ambushing” police forces. Paris courts will hear more cases today.
• A Russian judge convicted the opposition politician Aleksei Navalny of fraud in what is widely viewed as an effort by President Vladimir V. Putin to eliminate his only viable rival in an election scheduled for next year.
Russian law bars anyone with a criminal conviction from seeking elected office. Mr. Navalny promised to appeal.
• Mike Pompeo, the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, will be in Turkey today on his first overseas trip in office, as the Trump administration seeks to strengthen ties with Ankara.
A central demand by Turkey is the extradition of Fethullah Gulen, above, the Muslim cleric it accuses of orchestrating a failed coup last year — an allegation Mr. Gulen has dismissed as a conspiracy theory. Ankara’s blunt mayor added another theory: Mr. Gulen was planning to destroy the country’s economy by plotting an earthquake.
• Worries are building that long-simmering debt troubles in Greece and Italy will put additional strain on the euro. “These countries are not growing due to lack of investments — they are caught in a mousetrap,” one analyst said.
Denmark’s largest pension fund considers France’s presidential election the biggest source of political risk for investors.
• A new railway line from Djibouti to Ethiopia showcases China’s efforts to extend its influence in Africa with aid and expertise.
• President Trump lashed out at a department store chain for dropping his daughter’s fashion line, raising ethical questions about the relationship between his presidency and his family’s business interests.
• Gold hit a three-month high. Twitter reports earnings today. Here’s a snapshot of global markets.
• In Israel, a budding scandal over contracts with a German shipbuilder has become another potential threat to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s political future. [The New York Times]
• Boris Johnson, Britain’s foreign secretary, is among the record number of people (5,411) who gave up U.S. citizenship last year. [The New York Times]
• Romania’s government survived a no-confidence vote in Parliament as protests continued against its efforts to decriminalize some forms of graft. [Reuters]
• European efforts to stabilize Libya could lead to a formal leadership role for Khalifa Hifter, a powerful militia commander. [Politico]
• Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, a popular former prime minister nicknamed Farmajo (cheese), became Somalia’s new president. He was the least corrupt candidate in the country’s most corrupt election, one analyst said. [The New York Times]
• New Year’s resolutions: For all of February, we are here to help you stick to your goals. On Monday we talked about the power of leveraging habits to support your resolution.
Many readers wrote back, saying they wanted to improve their eating, exercise and sleeping patterns. So here’s advice on getting better sleep; building better habits around health and nutrition; and building habits around exercise.
Take it a step further by learning what kind of habit-former you might be with our habit personality quiz.
We’ll be back on Monday with tips on finding support among your family, peers and community to stay motivated.
• Newly discovered letters offer a glimpse into Jacqueline Kennedy’s relationship with a British ambassador, standing next to Mrs. Kennedy in sunglasses in the photo above, and why she broke his heart and married Aristotle Onassis.
• A clock in Hamburg’s stadium records every second the team has been in Germany’s top soccer league. But as relegation looms, its 53-year counter might be in jeopardy.
• It’s New York Fashion Week, and there’s one big change from years past: less star power. Designers are cutting back on paying celebrities to show up in front-row seats.
• Prints of rarely seen photos of the U.S.’s Japanese internment camps during World War II, taken by the renowned photographer Dorothea Lange, are being sold to raise funds for the American Civil Liberties Union.
• A newly discovered species of gecko tears off its scales to escape from attackers. “It looks like a fish until you grab it,” one expert said, “and then it looks like a naked chicken breast.” (The scales grow back.)
When you think of doomed luxury ocean liners, the Titanic’s sinking in 1912 might be the first to come to mind. But the Normandie, a French ship that burned and capsized in New York City on this day 75 years ago, was nearly as remarkable.
Launched in 1932, it was the first liner to exceed 1,000 feet in length. The Normandie was lauded as the biggest, fastest luxury ship afloat, featuring a first-class dining room with a sumptuous Art Deco interior.
After World War II started, though, the ocean liner never again sailed. It was held and eventually taken over by the U.S. military, which renamed it the U.S.S. Lafayette, after the French general who helped America during the Revolutionary War.
During its conversion to a troopship in 1942, the Normandie caught fire and tipped over. Sabotage was suspected but never proven. The official cause was listed as life preservers set ablaze by a welder’s torch.
A year later, the ship was salvaged, and then scrapped.
But the Normandie was not forgotten. Its steam whistle blew again in 2010 to commemorate the anniversary of its first arrival in New York.
Des Shoe contributed reporting.
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