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Good morning.

Here’s what you need to know:

• A magnitude-7.3 earthquake left at least 445 people dead and thousands injured in western Iran, and at least eight dead on the Iraq side of the border.

Photographs from the predominantly Kurdish area on the Iran side showed collapsed buildings, cars destroyed by rubble and people sleeping in the streets in fear of aftershocks.

The quake was felt as far away as Turkey and Pakistan.

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• In Washington, Mitch McConnell, the Senate majority leader, called on a fellow Republican, Roy Moore, to drop out of the race for a Senate seat from Alabama as a fifth woman accused Mr. Moore of accosting her when she was a teenager.

Some want Attorney General Jeff Sessions to fill his old seat.

At a Senate committee hearing today, Congress will confront accusations of sexual harassment within its own halls.

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• At a separate hearing, Mr. Sessions is expected to face questions about his contacts with Russian officials.

Four congressional officials told us that Donald Trump Jr., the president’s son, had online conversations during the 2016 presidential campaign with WikiLeaks, the anti-secrecy group that last year released a hacked trove of Democrats’ emails.

And Republicans, for their part, are likely to press Mr. Sessions on their demands for investigations into the Clinton Foundation and an Obama-era purchase of American uranium mines by a Russian-backed company.

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• Several E.U. countries moved toward a joint defense force amid President Trump’s lack of enthusiasm for NATO. The European foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, above right, called the deal a “historic moment in European defense.”

Foreign and defense ministers of most member countries signed on to a program of joint military investment in equipment, research and development, but Britain, Denmark, Ireland, Malta and Portugal did not.

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• The British government said it would to allow Parliament to debate, amend and vote on the terms of Brexit, a concession to rebellious lawmakers.

The announcement seemed intended to soften resistance ahead of the parliamentary debates that begin today on a separate bill that would transfer existing European law to the British statute books.

Meanwhile, derogatory stereotypes about England’s north are being dismantled by statistics. The figures suggest that Craven, an area of Yorkshire, is the country’s happiest place.

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• Italy failed to qualify for the soccer World Cup for the first time in six decades after a scoreless tie meant it lost its playoff to Sweden, 1-0, on aggregate.

Today’s playoff pits Ireland against Denmark after their initial scoreless draw on Saturday.

And in tennis news, Rafael Nadal pulled out of the ATP Finals with a knee injury.

• Russia is effectively privatizing Kalashnikov, the Russian gun maker, leaving a single investor with a controlling stake.

• A furious race is on to develop self-driving trucks. They may hit the road sooner than most people think.

• America’s “energy renaissance” and the rapidly falling cost of renewables are some of the themes in the International Energy Agency’s annual global outlook report.

• General Electric cut its dividend for just the second time since the Great Depression.

• Here’s a snapshot of global markets.

• France paid homage to the victims of the coordinated terrorist attacks that left 130 dead and more than 600 wounded two years ago. [The New York Times]

• The Trump administration’s debut at the United Nations climate conference in Bonn, Germany, was met with noisy protest and harsh questions. [The New York Times]

• President Trump made little mention of human rights in his meeting in Manila with Rodrigo Duterte, his Philippine counterpart, who is accused of carrying out a campaign of extrajudicial killings. [The New York Times]

• A federal appeals court in California allowed President Trump’s latest travel restrictions to partly take effect, meaning that people from Chad, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen who lack ties to the U.S. can be barred from entering. [The New York Times]

• In France, two cases in which 11-year-old girls were assessed as having agreed to have sex rather than having been raped renewed calls for a minimum legal age for consent. The justice minister suggested 13. [France 24]

• In Syria, at least 53 people were killed in airstrikes on a town swollen by the arrival of refugees from nearby battles. [Associated Press]

• Zimbabwe’s top military commander waded into an escalating feud within the country’s governing party, issuing a rare warning to President Robert Mugabe. [The New York Times]

• The Church of England said that children should be able to “play” with identity and wear tutus or tool belts without judgment, fueling a debate over the handling of gender. [The New York Times]

• Bob Geldof, the Irish musician, returned his Freedom of the City of Dublin award to protest his fellow recipient Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s response to the repression of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. [Reuters]

Tips, both new and old, for a more fulfilling life.

• Pick up the Korean condiment gochujang and make this braised chicken dinner.

• Should we bother to count calories? Yes and no.

• Advice for how to handle sexual harassment in the workplace.

• The British artist Stephen Wiltshire is able to draw complex scenes entirely from memory. Watch him draw New York City’s skyline after a 45-minute helicopter ride around Manhattan in our latest 360 video.

• Georgia may be the birthplace of wine. In a new study, researchers found wine residue on pottery shards dating to 6,000 B.C.

• For the first time, U.S. drug regulators approved a digital pill — a medication embedded with a sensor — that can tell doctors whether, and when, patients take their medicine.

The biannual fashion weeks hosted in New York, London, Milan and Paris have dominated the industry calendar for decades. In recent years, however, a clutch of new contenders have started jostling for attention, including Dubai, where Arab Fashion Week begins tomorrow.

The five-day event is a predictably splashy affair, showcasing talent from the 22 countries that make up the Arab League. Plenty of emerging Western designers are also on the schedule, keen to cater to the valuable Middle Eastern client base.

Expect a broad mix of both Western-style ready-to-wear and modest clothing from the catwalk collections. As a growing global chorus of women demands attire that is in tune both with Islam and the societies around them, designers are responding with flowing printed tunics and colorful head scarves. Interestingly, designers from abroad are often the more conservative.

Modest fashion is becoming a commercial phenomenon. The global Muslim clothing market is forecast to be worth $368 billion by 2021, according to the latest Global Islamic Economy report. With its blend of trends from all over the world, Arab Fashion Week is playing a considerable role in reshaping perceptions of 21st-century Muslim female identity in ways that go far beyond the veil.

Elizabeth Paton contributed reporting.

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