A new era began for South Africa last week when Cyril Ramaphosa was sworn in as the country’s president, a day after Jacob Zuma resigned in the face of corruption allegations.

Mr. Ramaphosa, a protégé of Nelson Mandela, has inherited the leadership of a country that has been battered by scandals and widespread graft.

During the critical transition period, we asked South Africans to outline the most pressing issues that their country faces and to describe their hopes and expectations under the new president.

Michael Cope, 65, a jeweler and writer who lives in Cape Town.

Nokwazi Pearl Hlubi, 42, an energy consultant in Johannesburg.

Tamsin Walker, 28, from Johannesburg. Ms. Walker added that the most pressing matter for South Africans at the moment was unity.

Anne Kruger, 66, a retired journalist who lives in Paarl, in the province of Western Cape.

Cathy Khutjo Mahloana, 21, a student in Pretoria, in Gauteng Province. She added that even though it was ridiculous to expect one man to change the country single-handedly, Mr. Ramaphosa could set a positive example of an African president.

Brandon Gregory, 31, a freelance writer and office assistant who lives in Paarl, near Cape Town. The area has been suffering a severe water crisis.

Viccy Baker, 67, a website owner who lives in Vanderbijlpark, near Johannesburg, which is sometimes referred to as “Egoli” or “place of gold.”

Elmarie Daries, 50, a teacher in Bontheuwel, in Western Cape.

Hettie Fowlds, 26, a client services coordinator who lives in Vereeniging, Gauteng.

Dakin Parker, 41, a writer who lives in Cape Town. He added that he hoped Mr. Ramaphosa would commit to employing competent public servants.

Nava Nerine Naidoo, 44, a consultant in Johannesburg.

Modise Moseki, 40, a lecturer from Kuruman, in Northern Cape Province.

Malusi Prince Dlamini, a student and part-time bookseller who lives in Durban, in the eastern province of KwaZulu-Natal.

Emile Myburgh, 45, a lawyer in Johannesburg. Mr. Myburgh said he was hoping that renewed respect for the rule of law would protect democratic institutions.

Malusi Gabriel Khumalo, 35, a media analyst in Durban.